By John D. Bartley, O’Reilly Rancilio PC
Two federal statutes contain hidden risks of superior lien rights that are not currently insured by a title insurance provider or covered by reviewing the filing records of the Uniform Commercial Code. The United States Congress enacted the Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act (“PACA”) (7 U.S.C. §499a, et seq.) and the Packers and Stockyards Act (“PSA”) (7 U.S.C. §181, et seq.) to protect the sellers/suppliers of perishable agricultural commodities (“PAC”) from being treated as unsecured creditors if perishable foods are delivered to an insolvent purchaser. The standards are different depending on the category of merchant such as wholesalers, retailers, or truckers.
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